22/7/2014

BAT SURVEYS: GOOD PRACTICE GUIDELINES, 2ND EDITION


http://www.bats.org.uk/


1.1 Aim of this document (Pág. 6)

To conserve bats effectively, and to meet national and international statutory obligations and agreements, bat surveys by qualified ecologists are sometimes necessary, and there is a clear need for standardisation. Until the first edition of ‘Bat Surveys: Good Practice Guidelines’ was published in 2007, there was uncertainty around the type of survey and level of survey effort needed, when to survey, and what consideration should be given to the habitat, time of year, geographical location and the species present or likely to be present in the prospective survey area. Since 2007, new developments in equipment, methods, and legislation have meant that revision of the bat survey guidelines is needed.

This updated document provides good practice guidance for those commissioning, undertaking or reviewing bat surveys throughout the UK. It is intended to enhance the standard and consistency of bat surveys and survey reports and ultimately lead to greater understanding of bats and improvements in their protection and conservation.
"The guidance should be interpreted and adapted on a case-by-case basis, according to the expert judgement of those involved. There is no substitute for knowledge and experience in survey planning, methodology and interpretation of findings, and these guidelines are intended to support these. Where examples are given they are descriptive rather than prescriptive."

  • Hundt, L. 2012. Bat Surveys: Good Practice Guidelines, 2nd Edition. Bat Conservation Trust. ISBN-13: 9781872745985. [PDF]

2/7/2014

MANUAL TÉCNICO PARA EL CONTROL DE LA ESPECIE INVASORA AILANTHUS ALTISSIMA (MILL.) SWINGLE EN ESPACIOS NATURALES PROTEGIDOS


http://www.slideshare.net/ProjecteRiuPolopAlcoi/manual-tecnico-a-altissima

  • Constán-Nava, S., Bonet, A. 2013. Manual Técnico para el Control de la Especie Invasora Ailanthus altísima (Mill.) Swingle en Espacios Naturales Protegidos. Estación Científica Font Roja Natura. Universidad de Alicante. [PDF] [SlideShare]

22/4/2014

TERRESTRIAL HABITAT MAPPING IN EUROPE: AN OVERVIEW



http://www.eea.europa.eu/publications/terrestrial-habitat-mapping-in-europe


Foreword by EEA and MNHN Directors

Identification, description, classification and mapping of natural and semi-natural habitats are gaining recognition in the sphere of environmental policy implementation. Although plant science remains at the core of the approach, habitat mapping increasingly finds applications in land planning and management and is often a necessary step in preparing nature and biodiversity conservation plans. 

The vegetation in our forests, meadows, heathlands and rocky mountain slopes reflects the ecological conditions which occur in a given area, and as importantly, the changes in these conditions under environmental and human influences. A good knowledge of the condition and distribution of habitats is thus an important element to inform long-term and forward planning decision making. Key policy instruments such as the Habitats Directive and the Bern Convention implicitly address the need for habitat mapping. So does the EU 2020 Biodiversity Strategy with its aim to ensure the restoration and maintenance of ecosystems and ecosystem services.

Initiatives in Europe are numerous and diverse, ranging from local to national scales. However, information on the methodologies used and project organisation is difficult to find, especially details of project planning and finance. This report is the first review and analysis of terrestrial vegetation and habitat mapping initiatives across Europe, including the methodologies used and the project organisation. It shows the development of relevant concepts and techniques, as well as the ongoing efforts to harmonise information at the European level.

The review was originally foreseen to serve the needs of the national CARHab project on habitat mapping in France, which wanted to learn from experience elsewhere in Europe. It was led by the Museum national d'Histoire naturelle (MNHN) at the request of the French Ministry of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy. However, the review was rapidly seen by the European Environment Agency (EEA) as relevant to all European countries, and this led to the development of the present report. 

This report is thus the result of a fruitful collaboration between the Service du Patrimoine Naturel of the MNHN — the French National Reference Centre (NRC) for biodiversity — and the EEA-European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity (ETC/BD), coordinated by the MNHN in Paris. It involved more than 70 of Europe's leading experts on habitats and vegetation who contributed to individual sections of the report. A consultation through the EEA's European information and observation network (Eionet) provided valuable additional information, particularly for countries where gaps existed.

It is a pleasure for us to recognise and promote this example of synergy between the national and European dimensions, giving full meaning to the partnership between the European Environment Agency and the European information and observation network, of which the MNHN is a key member. 


Hans Bruyninckx Executive Director, European Environment Agency
Thomas Grenon General Director, Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle

  • European Environment Agency. 2014. Terrestrial habitat mapping in Europe: an overview. EEA Technical report No 1/2014 [PDF]

31/3/2014

GUÍA DE IDENTIFICACIÓN DE RAPACES IBÉRICAS POR RESTOS ÓSEOS (1.ª PARTE, GRANDES RAPACES)





INTRODUCCIÓN

Esta guía pretende ser una herramienta de trabajo para aquellos que encuentren restos de aves y deseen llegar a determinar a qué especie pertenecen.

Existen numerosas y guías de identificación de aves por su plumaje, pero no es tan fácil encontrar información referente a la descripción de especies por su esqueleto, con el ánimo de ayudar a completar este campo se ha realizado este estudio.

Se trata de un acercamiento a la clasificación de algunas de nuestras especies amenazadas a través de sus restos óseos y pretende ser un documento de consulta ágil y rápido.

Está pensada para que se pueda utilizar en el campo, sin necesidad de recurrir a medidas que vayan más allá de la utilización de un metro y un calibre. Incluso éstos no serán necesarios, en muchos casos.

Por otro lado, para una correcta identificación se necesita una muestra más o menos grande de restos. En el caso de no disponer de ella habrá que recurrir a los especialistas que pueden hacerlo con un simple trozo de hueso.

Aunque la mortalidad de las rapaces se produce por múltiples fenómenos, suele ser bajo tendidos eléctricos donde mayor concentración de restos se puede encontrar.

El objetivo de este trabajo es animar a que se recorran estos tendidos y que se compruebe si hay restos de aves electrocutadas. De esta forma se podrá establecer la peligrosidad de las líneas y su impacto sobre las especies amenazadas.

Con ella el Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente dota a los interesados de una nueva herramienta para la optimización de los fondos destinados a alcanzar los objetivos del Real Decreto 1432/2008 de 29 de agosto, por el que se establecen medidas para la protección de la avifauna contra la colisión y la electrocución en líneas eléctricas. Tratando de priorizar la corrección de forma correspondiente a su peligrosidad para la conservación de nuestra fauna.

Por eso se ha comenzado por las especies de aves más amenazadas que presentan un alto número de muertes por electrocución.

  • Garcia Matarranz, V. 2013. Guía de Identificación de Rapaces Ibéricas por Restos Oseos. (1ª Parte, Grandes Rapaces). Ministerio de Agricultura, Alimentación y Medio Ambiente. Secretaría General Técnica. Centro de Publicaciones. Madrid. [PDF]

5/3/2014

U.S. FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE LANDBASED WIND ENERGY GUIDELINES

http://www.fws.gov/windenergy/docs/weg_final.pdf

  • U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2012. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Landbased Wind Energy Guidelines. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Washington, D.C., USA. [PDF]

13/2/2014

MANUAL PARA LA CONSERVACIÓN DE LOS MURCIÉLAGOS EN EXTREMADURA



  • Díaz, J.A. & Perez, J. (Coord.). 2009. Manual para la Conservación de los Murciélagos en Extremadura. Dirección General del Medio Natural. Consejería de Industria, Energía y Medio Ambiente. Junta de Extremadura. 94 págs. [PDF
  • LIFE04 NAT/ES/000043 Quirópteros Extremadura-Conservation of threatened chiropters of Extremadura [WEB]

7/2/2014

BUITRES, MULADARES Y LEGISLACIÓN SANITARIA: PERSPECTIVAS DE UN CONFLICTO Y SUS CONSECUENCIAS DESDE LA BIOLOGÍA DE LA CONSERVACIÓN



http://www.aranzadi-zientziak.org/catalogo/munibe/munibe-suplemento/buitres-muladares-y-legislacion-sanitaria-perspectivas-de-un-conflicto-y-sus-consecuencias-desde-la-biologia-de-la-conservacion

  • Donazar, J. et al. 2009. (Eds.) Buitres, Muladares y Legislación Sanitaria: Perspectivas de un Conflicto y sus Consecuencias desde la Biología de la Conservación. Munibe, Suplemento 29. Sociedad de Ciencias Aranzadi. 551 págs. [PDF]